When to Perform CPR: 3 Signs

According to the American Heart Association, 475,000 Americans died from cardiac arrest last year, and more than 350,000 were outside of a hospital. Cardiac arrest occurs when someone’s heart stops pumping. There are many causes of cardiac arrest, including heart disease, trauma, drowning, or electrocution, to name a few. Using CPR in these situations can help save someone’s life. But how do you know when to perform CPR?

Most cardiac arrests occur in the home, but how do you know when to perform CPR? Here are 3 ways to tell when to begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Click To Tweet

Know When to Perform CPR

If you see someone lying lifeless on the ground, obviously something is not right. There is a chance this person needs assistance and CPR. When trying to decide whether the person needs CPR performed, these three determining factors can help you make the right decision:

  1. Unconscious
  2. Not Breathing
  3. No Pulse

1) Unconscious

If you see someone unconscious, there is a chance they need CPR, but not always. Try to wake the person first. If they do not wake, check for a pulse and for breathing. If there is no pulse or breathing, call 911 and begin CPR.

2) Not Breathing

Always check for breathing. If a person is not breathing or has very limited breathing, they need CPR to be administered. Call 911 and then begin chest compressions and/or rescue breathing.

3) No Pulse

If the person has no pulse, there is a chance their heart has stopped. If this is the case, call 911, open the airway, and begin mouth to mouth resuscitation.  CPR is most effective when administered immediately. 

ProTip: Remember that breathing, unconsciousness, and pulse are the 3 main factors when determining if someone needs CPR.

CPR Training

Anytime you come across someone injured or unconscious, remember the first thing you need to do is call (or have someone call) 911. If you do not already have a CPR certification, getting trained according to the American Heart Association guidelines can help you save someone’s life.

Contact us to learn more about the signs and when to perform CPR.